401011 Research Principles For Nursing And Midwifery


Talk about Research Principles for Nursing and Midwifery. The TNHE program has a short teaching period and no practice component.

It is not able to provide appropriate knowledge transfer to nurses.



Nursing is a concept. It’s a way to take care of the health and well-being of someone.

It is important for nurses to be aware of the following basic strategies.

The 21st century has brought new technologies to different medical institutions. These are now being used to properly train nurses.

Teachers have to ensure that the trainees are taught the right things and provide the necessary care.

The cost of nursing education in Malaysia and other countries is a problem.

Insufficient resources and government funding are hindering students’ ability to examine their papers properly.

For the medical colleges and clinics, proper guidance should be provided using appropriate methods and rules.


As a concept, nursing existed in the early stages of culture. This idea has been shaped by the present and will continue to grow in the future.

Malaysia’s nursing education system was designed to be compatible with western world education standards. The concept of Translational higher education (TNHE) was introduced by Arunasalam (2016).

The TNHE idea is new in Malaysia, and it is not yet evident in clinical settings.

This post-registration course is designed to bridge the gap between Malaysian and western nursing styles to better match the expectation (Hill (2014)).

For the development of nursing education, culture and its influence must be considered. Professional development through continuous learning should also be considered. It is important that staff are able to adapt to new learning techniques (Caruana 2016).

According to Malaysian nurses, the TNHE program has a short teaching time and no practice component.

The program does not provide adequate knowledge transfer for nurses who are able to adapt to the Malaysian nursing culture and settings.

The practice-to-theory gap in nursing is widespread worldwide (Cicolini. Comparcini. & Simonetti. 2014).

The TNHE programs have a short teaching period, which makes it difficult for Malaysian nurses to adjust to the fast-paced teaching style in Australia and the UK (Arunasalam 2016,).

A strong trend can also be seen in the way that both nurses and educators are focused more on the degree than on putting the clinical knowledge they have acquired.

The current issues can be solved by incorporating solutions into the Malaysian nursing education system.

Academics need to be aware of cultural differences in the host country before they can enroll in TNHE programs.

Lecturers from Malaysian countries should visit the country that provides TNHE to learn more about delivery methods (Saha (2015)).

The induction module must be developed before the course begins.

For feedback on the course, it is important to incorporate the continuous evaluation system into teaching (Crisp, Chen, 2014).

These are the recent trends in nursing education in Malaysia, and around the world.

The transition in the health-care system: A preventive approach is becoming more preferred than a curative one for illness.

Specialized health-care for illness, rather than primary, should be evidence-based and not based on trial error basis. Last but not least, focus should remain on quality, rather than cost (Oermann & Gaberson 2016).

Transition in the Workplace

Multidimensional approach. Preference given to the updating of existing nursing knowledge and to how to better care for clients.

The internet offers special clinical learning courses and centers that offer vocational training. These will enhance the nursing field (Cherry & Jacob (2016)).

Despite the technological advancements in the field of nursing, major challenges remain:

Selection of student: There is no proper screening mechanism for student enrollment (Kajander, et al. 2014).

Inadequacy in institutions: A lack of resources from the governmental or nongovernmental organization can lead to poor education.

A smaller amount of stipends is given to nursing students.

Transport problems are also a problem for students (Oermann & Gaberson 2016).

Teaching in colleges: Lack of promotion activities in higher education

Very few M.Sc.

There are fewer M.Sc. in nursing courses. They also receive less funding from the governmental institutions.

Many institutes do not have a Ph.D. program to support their research wing.

According to Yoder-Wise (2014), there are currently insufficient qualified teachers.

Cost: Many nursing colleges do not have hospitals that can provide the necessary exposure for students.

It can be very expensive to establish an in-house facility.

Because of the poor condition of the hostels and library conditions, fewer students are enrolled in the courses (Crisp& Chen 2014).

Strategies for Teaching Methodology

Teaching is the use of appropriate methods to educate students.

Education helps students improve their thinking, learn new things and be self-sufficient in all areas of life.

Nursing is about the ability to understand patients and to help them in their lives.

The ability to think in a more critical manner is essential for a nursing professional.

Clinical experience is essential for the learning process in nursing.

Teachers in nursing have the responsibility of providing the best learning opportunities for students (Billings & Halstead (2015)).

It is important to recognize the teacher-student relation as a pragmatic one.

It is the job of educators to impart the necessary knowledge to the students or trainees, and then to make sure they are updated with the clinical environment.

They must be able comprehend the concepts and then apply them.

The nurse educators are responsible for creating a learning environment that allows students to think critically.

The teaching methods should be understood by students and they should be learned accordingly.

Creativity is a key component of Nursing. It is necessary to have a good understanding of the critical medical environment.

Such methods not only improve the system for education, but also strengthen administration and help to stimulate efforts to reach the goals of human development in the country.

Web design, portfolio creation and case studies are all examples of such teaching methods that can be used to bring new life to a nursing education.

It is crucial to break the dominant didactic teaching style and make use of these techniques to create a learning environment that is more effective (Cicolini& Simonetti 2014).


Clinical institutions employ a range of teaching methods. These include lectures, demonstrations (panel discussions), seminar, panel discussion, problem-based learning, workshops, clinical teaching and role playing.

These methods are not successful, but teachers must have the ability to create new teaching strategies. They must also ensure that the students implement what they learn properly.

Teacher must monitor the class.

How relevant is the selection and use of new approaches

Inspiration to encourage positive thinking and behaviours

Techniques to inspire students that aren’t motivated

Learning strategies should be project-based.

Collaborating with students on wards and in laboratories.

Encourage students to think critically.

Nursing involves combining theory and practice.

Here are some more educational strategies that would help students improve their communication skills.

Stimulation is a technique that can be used to encourage students in a clinic. This strategy includes role-play, models and manikins.

In an interactive setting, stimulators help nursing students.

These educators facilitate an interactive session for students and help them solve their problems.

Telecommunication: It’s an online learning model that allows the teacher to communicate directly with the trainee.

Blackboard: Web-based education or blackboard: It’s designed to support online courses that allow for face-to face interaction.

This type of education enhances the learning experience.

Multimedia and Education: In a problem-based learning environment, students can use multimedia to prepare themselves for any skill tests.

Problem-Based Learning

It’s a teaching method that uses active learning to help students in the field of nursing.

PBL supports students’ critical thinking and active learning skills.

It uses the accumulation of knowledge to approach clinical problems, motivating students to learn, develop ideas, and solve them with clinical reasoning.

This helps nurses become self-motivated.

It is important to encourage students to be self-motivated.

Students gain experience by solving critical problems. This would allow them to become more knowledgeable in nursing.

PBL students must set their own learning goals.

Students become more independent and are able to apply their knowledge in the real world.

94% of the respondents believe that Problem Based Learning helps students understand the topic (Kong, et al. 2014).

Role Modeling can be described as an approach to teaching that uses examples and encourages imitation.

A role model in skill is able to help others discover the important knowledge that can be found in clinical practice.

As the role model’s activities reflect what the student or trainee needs to learn, it is important that they observe closely.

Role models must encourage students to become familiar with the clinical environment.

They must also teach students the fundamental lessons of thinking skills and research. This will allow them to incorporate the theory and practice learning into the future development of student nurses.

As role models, professional nurses should also be taught how to handle patients professionally (Masters 2015).

It is a practical way to motivate students and teach them how to reason and think quickly.

It encourages and facilitates active learning.

The nurse educators can encourage rational thinking and active learning by using case study teaching.

The development of critical thinking through learning case studies will allow students to gain a better understanding of the clinical environment using appropriate technologies and methods (Prosavac (2015)).

Students can use case studies to gain knowledge and be able to see problems in real life.

It’s a learning process that is conducted in small groups using question and answer format.

Case studies are an integral part of problem-based education. They help students improve their communication skills and critical thinking (Forsgren Christensen & Hedemalm 2014).

Information Technology as Teaching Aid

Based on trends in nursing education and the challenges it faces, information technology may play a crucial role in the reform of the education system.

ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) is in high demand in the current health-care system. (Ismail and co., 2014).

The use of internet access to teach environment can increase students’ interest by providing visual aids.

Virtual Learning Environments (VLE) are a way to make learning more interesting. They can bridge the gap between theoretical knowledge and the practical application of that knowledge in real clinical settings.

VLE allows for better utilization of knowledge and makes it easier for students understand the concepts, rather than just reading about it.

The modern paradigm of education is not as popular as visual aids.

It is possible to simulate the process of peripheral venipuncture, or PVP, using ICT technology (Pucer Trobec & Zvanut (2014)).

It might not provide the student with real-world work experience, but they will be more aware of the process and better able to perform it.


The report concluded with an overview of current trends and challenges in nursing education.

To clarify the fundamental issues, the Malaysian nursing education system is compared to western educational systems.

Teaching strategies can bridge the knowledge gap from practice to theory.

The use of case studies, problem-based learning, role models, and simulations can encourage critical thinking for problem solving in real clinical situations.

ICT technology and simulation-based projections will help students understand concepts better than traditional knowledge.

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Leadership and managing nurses.

Nursing Today: Trends, Transition, and the Future of Nursing.

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